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Home : Diabetes 101
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For Newly Diagnosed Diabetics
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Type 1 Diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes

Diabetes is a disorder of metabolism; the way our bodies use digested food for growth and energy. Most of the food we eat is broken down by the digestive juices into a simple sugar called glucose. Glucose is the main source of fuel for the body.

After digestion, the glucose passes into our bloodstream where it is available for body cells to use for growth and energy. For the glucose to get into the cells, insulin must be present. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas, a large gland behind the stomach.

When we eat, the pancreas is supposed to automatically produce the right amount of insulin to move the glucose from our blood into our cells. In people with diabetes, however, the pancreas either produces little or no insulin, or the body cells do not respond to the insulin that is produced. As a result, glucose builds up in the blood, overflows into the urine, and passes out of the body. Thus, the body loses its main source of fuel even though the blood contains large amounts of glucose.

Types Of Diabetes:

Type 1 Diabetes was previously called insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) or juvenile-onset diabetes. Type 1 diabetes may account for 5% to 10% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. Risk factors are less well defined for type 1 diabetes than for type 2 diabetes, but autoimmune, genetic, and environmental factors are involved in the development of this type of diabetes.

Type 2 Diabetes was previously called non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) or adult-onset diabetes. Type 2 diabetes may account for about 90% to 95% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. Risk factors for type 2 diabetes include older age, obesity, family history of diabetes, prior history of gestational diabetes, impaired glucose tolerance, physical inactivity, and race/ethnicity. African Americans, Hispanic/Latino Americans, American Indians, and some Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders are at particularly high risk for type 2 diabetes.

Gestational Diabetes develops in 2% to 5% of all pregnancies but disappears when a pregnancy is over. Gestational diabetes occurs more frequently in African Americans, Hispanic/Latino Americans, American Indians, and persons with a family history of diabetes. Obesity is also associated with higher risk. Women who have had gestational diabetes are at increased risk for later developing type 2 diabetes. In some studies, nearly 40% of women with a history of gestational diabetes developed diabetes in the future.

"Other specific types" of diabetes result from specific genetic syndromes, surgery, drugs, malnutrition, infections, and other illnesses. Such types of diabetes may account for 1% to 2% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes.


How Food Affects Your Blood Glucose
Whether you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes, what, when, and how much you eat all affect your blood glucose.

Keeping Your Heart and Blood Vessels Healthy
Learn about what you can do each day and during the year to stay healthy and prevent heart and blood vessel problems caused by diabetes.

Keeping Your Eyes Healthy
Learn about the things you can do each day and during each year to stay healthy and prevent eye problems caused by diabetes.

Signs and Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes
Many people have no signs or symptoms. Symptoms can also be so mild that you might not even notice them. Five million people in the United States have type 2 diabetes and do not know it. Here is what to look for.

Hyperglycemia: When Your Blood Sugar is Too High
Sometimes, no matter how hard you try to keep your blood sugar in the range your doctor has advised, it can be too high. Blood sugar that is too high can make you very sick. Here's how to handle when your blood sugar is too high.

Diabetes, What to Know Head to Toe
Diabetes 101: Tips to help you stay healthy while living with diabetes - including your eyes, heart, and your feet.

Stem Cells: A Solid Primer
This primer presents background information on stem cells.

Keeping Daily Records
Diabetes 101: Learn to write down the results of your blood tests every day in a record book.

Alcohol and Diabetes
The effect of alcohol on blood glucose levels depends not only on the amount of alcohol ingested, but also on its relationship to food intake.

The Signs of Diabetes
Diabetes 101: The signs of diabetes and why you need to take care of yourself.

Why Fiber Is Important To Your Diet
Diabetes 101: What can fiber do for you? Numerous studies found that diets low in saturated fat and cholesterol and high in fiber are associated with a reduced risk of certain cancers, diabetes, digestive disorders, and heart disease.

What Is Diabetes?
Diabetes 101: Diabetes is a disorder of metabolism; the way our bodies use digested food for growth and energy.

What Are the Different Types of Diabetes?
Diabetes 101: The three main types of diabetes are Type 1 Diabetes, Type 2 Diabetes, Gestational Diabetes.

What is a good blood sugar level?
Diabetes 101: A good blood sugar range for most poeple with diabetes is from about 70 to 150. This is before a meal, like before breakfast, or 4 to 5 hours after you last meal.


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