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Home : Diabetes 101 : Page 2
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Diabetes is a disorder of metabolism; the way our bodies use digested food for growth and energy. Most of the food we eat is broken down by the digestive juices into a simple sugar called glucose. Glucose is the main source of fuel for the body.

After digestion, the glucose passes into our bloodstream where it is available for body cells to use for growth and energy. For the glucose to get into the cells, insulin must be present. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas, a large gland behind the stomach.

When we eat, the pancreas is supposed to automatically produce the right amount of insulin to move the glucose from our blood into our cells. In people with diabetes, however, the pancreas either produces little or no insulin, or the body cells do not respond to the insulin that is produced. As a result, glucose builds up in the blood, overflows into the urine, and passes out of the body. Thus, the body loses its main source of fuel even though the blood contains large amounts of glucose.

Types Of Diabetes:

Type 1 Diabetes was previously called insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) or juvenile-onset diabetes. Type 1 diabetes may account for 5% to 10% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. Risk factors are less well defined for type 1 diabetes than for type 2 diabetes, but autoimmune, genetic, and environmental factors are involved in the development of this type of diabetes.

Type 2 Diabetes was previously called non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) or adult-onset diabetes. Type 2 diabetes may account for about 90% to 95% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. Risk factors for type 2 diabetes include older age, obesity, family history of diabetes, prior history of gestational diabetes, impaired glucose tolerance, physical inactivity, and race/ethnicity. African Americans, Hispanic/Latino Americans, American Indians, and some Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders are at particularly high risk for type 2 diabetes.

Gestational Diabetes develops in 2% to 5% of all pregnancies but disappears when a pregnancy is over. Gestational diabetes occurs more frequently in African Americans, Hispanic/Latino Americans, American Indians, and persons with a family history of diabetes. Obesity is also associated with higher risk. Women who have had gestational diabetes are at increased risk for later developing type 2 diabetes. In some studies, nearly 40% of women with a history of gestational diabetes developed diabetes in the future.

"Other specific types" of diabetes result from specific genetic syndromes, surgery, drugs, malnutrition, infections, and other illnesses. Such types of diabetes may account for 1% to 2% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes.


Don't lose sight of Diabetic Eye Disease
Diabetes 101: Diabetic eye disease refers to a group of eye problems that people with diabetes may face as a complication of this disease. All can cause severe vision loss or even blindness.

Testing Your Blood Sugar Level
Diabetes 101: You need to know how well you are taking care of your diabetes. You need to know if you are lowering your high blood sugar. The best way to find out is to test your blood to see how much sugar is in it.

How Diabetes Is Managed
Diabetes 101: Although insulin is not considered a cure for diabetes, its discovery was the first major breakthrough in diabetes treatment.

Taking Care of Your Diabetes Every Day
Diabetes 101: Four things you have to do every day to lower high blood sugar plus daily action steps.

Taking Your Diabetes Medicine
Diabetes 101: Insulin and diabetes pills are the two kinds of medicines used to lower blood sugar.

The Importance of Taking Care of Your Diabetes
Diabetes 101: Taking good care of your diabetes every day will help keep your blood sugar from going too high or too low.

Sucralose and Diabetes
Diabetes 101: Sucralose is a low-calorie sweetener made from sugar. It is about 600 times sweeter than sugar and can be used like sugar in a broad range of foods.

Exchange Systems
Diabetes 101: In an effort to make meal planning easier for the diabetic, the American Diabetes Association and others have developed exchange systems.

Diabetes And Your Nerves
Diabetes 101: Over time, high blood sugar can harm the nerves in your body.

Diabetic Children and Diet
Diabetes 101: A healthful, varied diet rich in whole grains, fruits and vegetables is the best way of ensuring overall health for your child.

Causes Of Diabetic Neuropathy
Diabetes 101: Scientists do not know what causes diabetic neuropathy, but several factors are likely to contribute to the disorder.

The Benefits of Exercise
Diabetes 101: Exercise should be an integral part of the treatment plan for persons with diabetes.

What is Hypoglycemia
Diabetes 101: Glucose, a form of sugar, is the body's main fuel. Hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar, occurs when blood levels of glucose drop too low to fuel the body's activity.

The History of the Diabetic Diet
Diabetes 101: The earliest recorded diabetic diet is in the Papyrus Ebers, which was written in about 1500 B.C.

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