Diabetes 101

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Diabetes 101

Whether you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes, what, when, and how much you eat all affect your blood glucose. Blood glucose is the main sugar found in the blood and the body’s main source of energy. If your blood glucose stays high too much of the time, you can get heart, eye, foot, kidney, and other problems. You can also have problems if your blood glucose gets too low (hypoglycemia).

Keeping your blood glucose at a healthy level will prevent or slow down diabetes problems. Ask your doctor or diabetes teacher what a healthy blood glucose level is for you. For most people, target blood glucose levels are 80 to 120 before meals, and 100 to 140 at bedtime.

The articles and resources in this section will help explain more about living with diabetes – and the things you can do to manage diabetes and live a longer, healthier life.




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How Diabetes Is Managed

Diabetes 101: Although insulin is not considered a cure for diabetes, its discovery was the first major breakthrough in diabetes treatment.

Keeping Daily Records

Diabetes 101: Learn to write down the results of your blood tests every day in a record book.

Why Fiber Is Important To Your Diet

Diabetes 101: What can fiber do for you? Numerous studies found that diets low in saturated fat and cholesterol and high in fiber are associated with a reduced risk of certain cancers, diabetes, digestive disorders, and heart disease.

Alcohol and Diabetes

The effect of alcohol on blood glucose levels depends not only on the amount of alcohol ingested, but also on its relationship to food intake.

Don’t lose sight of Diabetic Eye Disease

Diabetes 101: Diabetic eye disease refers to a group of eye problems that people with diabetes may face as a complication of this disease. All can cause severe vision loss or even blindness.

Sucralose and Diabetes

Diabetes 101: Sucralose is a low-calorie sweetener made from sugar. It is about 600 times sweeter than sugar and can be used like sugar in a broad range of foods.

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