Eyes: Diabetes can lead to vision loss or even blindness.

To take good care of your eyes:

  • Keep your blood sugar close to your goal.
  • Bring high blood pressure down.
  • Get a dilated eye exam by an eye doctor every year. Your eye doctor will use drops to enlarge your pupils to look inside your eyes.
  • See your eye doctor if:

    • Your vision is blurry.
    • You see double.
    • You see spots or floaters.
    • One or both eyes hurt.
    • You feel pressure in your eye.
    • You can’t see things at the sides like you used to.
    • You have trouble reading.

Feet: Diabetes can harm the blood vessels and nerves in your feet.

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To keep your feet healthy:

  • Keep your blood sugar close to your goal.
  • Take off your shoes and socks and have your feet checked at least once a year–more often if you have any foot problems.
  • Wash your feet every day. Dry them, even between toes.
  • Check daily for cuts, blisters, redness, and swelling. If you cannot see the bottom of your feet, use a mirror or ask someone for help. If you find anything, contact your health care provider–no matter how small the problem.
  • Never walk barefoot.
  • Wear shoes that fit well. If you have lost feeling in your feet, ask your health care provider for advice on proper shoes.
  • Break in new shoes slowly.
  • Wear clean padded socks that fit well. Make sure the sock seams are in the right place.
  • Cut your nails straight across and file the edges.
  • Shake out your shoes before putting them on. A small pebble can lead to problems.
  • Don’t smoke.

Heart: People with diabetes are twice as likely to develop high blood pressure than people without diabetes.

To have a healthy heart:

  • Lose weight, if you are overweight. Talk to your health care provider.
  • Become more physically active.
  • Have your blood pressure checked at each health care provider visit.
  • Ask your health care provider what your blood pressure goal should be. A blood pressure level under 130/85 mm Hg is the goal for most people with diabetes.
  • Don’t smoke.